Marginalization & Safety

Connected digital technologies, like social media platforms and mobile applications, offer many benefits to users of marginalized identities. They provide avenues for identity exploration, access to otherwise inaccessible resources, and opportunities for building community. However, they can also put users at risk for negative, harmful, and damaging encounters. Harassment by other users, incidental interactions with violent content, and even outing by the system itself all present potential dangers to using these types of technologies–dangers that can even harmfully impact people’s offline lives. These unsafe situations are often more precarious for users of (multiply) marginalized identities, such as LGBTQ users, people of color, and women. We are working towards developing better understandings of safety and harm in digital spaces, as well as researching these experiences to better understand how to mitigate their affects.


  1. How We’ve Taught Algorithms to See Identity: Constructing Race and Gender in Image Databases for Facial Analysis Scheuerman, Morgan Klaus and Wade, Kandrea and Lustig, Caitlin and Brubaker, Jed R.
    Proc. ACM Hum.-Comput. Interact. 4, CSCW1: Article 58
  2. How Computers See Gender: An Evaluation of Gender Classification in Commercial Facial Analysis and Image Labeling Services Scheuerman, Morgan Klaus and Paul, Jacob M and Brubaker, Jed R.
    Proc. ACM Hum.-Comput. Interact. 3, CSCW: Article 144
  3. "Coming Out Okay": Community Narratives for LGBTQ Identity Recovery Work Dym, Brianna and Brubaker, Jed R. and Fiesler, Casey and Bryan, Semaan
    Proc. ACM Hum.-Comput. Interact. 3, CSCW: Article 154
  4. Safe Spaces and Safe Places: Unpacking Technology-Mediated Experiences of Safety and Harm with Transgender People Scheuerman, Morgan Klaus and Branham, Stacy M. and Hamidi, Foad
    Proc. ACM Hum.-Comput. Interact. 2, CSCW: 155:1–155:27
  5. "Is Someone There? Do They Have a Gun": How Visual Information About Others Can Improve Personal Safety Management for Blind Individuals Branham, Stacy M. and Abdolrahmani, Ali and Easley, William and Scheuerman, Morgan and Ronquillo, Erick and Hurst, Amy
    Proceedings of the 19th International ACM SIGACCESS Conference on Computers and Accessibility